Roteiro completo de Lisboa. Uma terrinha linda.

Cira Arqueologia II in Portuguese. Many of these ruins were first unearthed during the midth century when the recent discovery of Pompeii made Roman archaeology fashionable among Europe's upper classes. Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Camilo Ferreira Botelho Castelo Branco. For other uses, see Lisbon disambiguation. Among European metropolises, Lisbon has one of the warmest winters together with center of Barcelona and Valencia and one of the mildest night time temperatures, from an average of 8.

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Notable features of Pombaline structures include the Pombaline cage , a symmetrical wood-lattice framework aimed at distributing earthquake forces, and inter-terrace walls that were built higher than roof timbers to inhibit the spread of fires. The tower was built as a fortified lighthouse late in the reign of Dom Manuel l — to guard the entrance to the port.

It stood on a little island in right side of the Tagus , surrounded by water. The Chiado is a traditional shopping area that mixes old and modern commercial establishments, concentrated specially in the Rua do Carmo and the Rua Garrett. Locals as well as tourists visit the Chiado to buy books, clothing and pottery as well as to have a cup of coffee.

The Chiado is also an important cultural area, with several museums and theatres, including the opera. Several buildings of the Chiado were destroyed in a fire in , an event that deeply shocked the country. Thanks to a renovation project that lasted more than 10 years, coordinated by celebrated architect Siza Vieira , the affected area has now virtually recovered.

The ornate, late 18th-century Estrela Basilica is the main attraction of this district. The church with its large dome is located on a hill in what was at the time the western part of Lisbon and can be seen from great distances.

The style is similar to that of the Mafra National Palace , late baroque and neoclassical. Also in this district is Estrela Park, a favorite with families. There are exotic plants and trees, a duck pond, various sculptures, a children's playground, and many cultural events going on through the year, including outdoor cinema, markets, and music festivals. A long lasting legacy of the same, the area has become another commercial and higher end residential area for the city.

Central to this is the Gare do Oriente Orient railway station , one of the main transport hubs of Lisbon for trains, buses, taxis and the metro. Its glass and steel columns are inspired by Gothic architecture, lending the whole structure a visual fascination especially in sunlight or when illuminated at night. It was designed by the architect Santiago Calatrava from Valencia , Spain. The district's Altice Arena has become Lisbon's "jack-of-all-trades" performance arena.

Seating 20,, it has staged events from concerts to basketball tournaments. The city of Lisbon is rich in architecture; Romanesque , Gothic , Manueline , Baroque , Modern and Postmodern constructions can be found all over Lisbon.

There are several substantial museums in the city. With open arms, overlooking the whole city, it resembles the Corcovado monument in Rio de Janeiro , and was built after World War II , as a memorial of thanksgiving for Portugal's being spared the horrors and destruction of the war. Saint Anthony, also known as Saint Anthony of Padua , was a wealthy Portuguese bohemian who was canonised and made Doctor of the Church after a life preaching to the poor.

Eduardo VII Park , the second largest park in the city following the Parque Florestal de Monsanto Monsanto Forest Park , extends down the main avenue Avenida da Liberdade , with many flowering plants and greenspaces, that includes the permanent collection of subtropical and tropical plants in the winter garden Portuguese: The art has since spread to the rest of the Portuguese Speaking world.

The city remains one of the most expansive examples of the technique, nearly all walkways and even many streets being created and maintained in this style. In terms of Portuguese cities, Lisbon was considered the most livable in a survey of living conditions published yearly by Expresso.

In May , the city hosted the 63rd edition of the Eurovision Song Contest , after the victory of Salvador Sobral with the song " Amar pelos dois " in Kyiv on 13 May The historical population of the city was around 35, in AD. Up to 60, in AD, and rising to 70, in AD. Between — the population went from 70, to , Lisbon has , [70] inhabitants within the administrative center on the area of only According to official government data, the Lisbon Metropolitan Area has 3,, inhabitants. Lisbon's economy is based primarily on the tertiary sector.

Most of the headquarters of multinationals operating in Portugal are concentrated in the Grande Lisboa Subregion , specially in the Oeiras municipality. The country's chief seaport , featuring one of the largest and most sophisticated regional markets on the Iberian Peninsula, Lisbon and its heavily populated surroundings are also developing as an important financial centre and a dynamic technological hub.

Automobile manufacturers have erected factories in the suburbs, for example, AutoEuropa. Lisbon has the largest and most developed mass media sector of Portugal, and is home to several related companies ranging from leading television networks and radio stations to major newspapers.

Lisbonite industry has very large sectors in oil, as refineries are found just across the Tagus, textile mills, shipyards and fishing. Lisbon was the 18th most "livable city" in the world in according to lifestyle magazine Monocle. The Lisbon Metro connects the city centre with the upper and eastern districts and also reaches some suburbs that are part of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area , such as Amadora and Loures.

It is the fastest way to get around the city and it provides a good number of interchanging stations with other types of transportation. From the Lisbon Airport station to the city centre it may take roughly 25 mins. As of , the Lisbon Metro comprises four lines, identified by individual colours blue, yellow, green and red and 56 stations, with a total length of Several expansion projects have been proposed, being the most recent the transformation of the Green Line into a circular line and the creation of two more stations Santos and Estrela.

A traditional form of public transport in Lisbon is the tram. Introduced in the 19th century, the trams were originally imported from the USA, and called the americanos. Other than on the modern Line 15, the Lisbon tramway system still employs small four wheel vehicles of a design dating from the early twentieth century. These distinctive yellow trams are one of the tourist icons of modern Lisbon, and their size is well suited to the steep hills and narrow streets of the central city.

There are four commuter train lines departing from Lisbon: There are other commuter bus services from the city connecting cities outside Lisbon, and connecting these cities to Lisbon: Lisbon is connected to its suburbs as well as throughout Portugal by an extensive motorway network.

The foundations for a third bridge across the Tagus have already been laid, but the overall project has been postponed due to the economic crisis in Portugal and all of Europe.

Another way of crossing the river is by taking the ferry. Humberto Delgado Airport is located within the city limits. A second airport has been proposed, but the project has been put on hold because of the Portuguese and European economic crisis, and also because of the long discussion on whether a new airport is needed.

However, the last proposal is military air base in Montijo that would be replaced by a civil airport. So, Lisbon would have two airports, the current airport in north and a new in the south of the city. The average amount of time people spend commuting with public transit in Lisboa, for example to and from work, on a weekday is 59 min. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 14 min, while In the city, there are three public universities and a university institute in Lisbon.

The University of Lisbon , which is the largest university in Portugal, was created in with the union of the Technical University of Lisbon and the Classical University of Lisbon which was known as the University of Lisbon. The third public university is Universidade Aberta. The total number of enrolled students in higher education in Lisbon was, for the — school year, of , students, of whom 81, in the Lisbon's public institutions.

Lisbon is home to the Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal , the Portuguese national library, with over 3 million books and manuscripts. The library has some rare books and manuscripts, such as an original Gutenberg Bible and original books by Erasmus , Christophe Platin and Aldus Manutius.

Another relevant library is the Torre do Tombo National Archive , one of the most important archives in the world, with over years and one of the oldest active Portuguese institutions. Lisbon has a long tradition in sports. From to , Lisbon was the starting point for the Dakar Rally. In and , the city hosted the European Triathlon Championships.

Lisbon has a leg at the Volvo Ocean Race. The city hosts three association football clubs in Portugal's highest league, the Primeira Liga. Sport Lisboa e Benfica , commonly known as just Benfica , has won 36 league titles in addition to two European Cups.

A third club, C. It held the European Cup Final. Other sports, such as indoor football , handball , basketball , roller hockey and rugby football are also popular; the latter's national stadium is in Lisbon.

There are many other sport facilities in Lisbon, ranging from athletics to sailing to golf to mountain-biking. Lisboa and Troia golf course are two of many stunning golf courses located in Lisbon. Lisbon is part of the Union of Luso-Afro-Americo-Asiatic Capital Cities [95] [96] [97] from 28 June , establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:. Lisbon has additional cooperation agreements with the following cities: Lisbon is part of the Union of Ibero-American Capital Cities [] from 12 October establishing brotherly relations with the following cities:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Lisbon disambiguation. For other uses, see Lisboa disambiguation. History of Lisbon and Timeline of Lisbon. The Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation is one of the wealthiest foundations in the world and houses one of the largest private collections of antiquaries and art in the world, within the Gulbenkian Museum.

List of twin towns and sister cities in Portugal. Retrieved 17 June Globalization and World Cities Research Network. Retrieved 23 November Retrieved 3 March Archived from the original on 14 October Retrieved 1 December Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 21 November Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 16 December The richest cities in the world" — City Mayors. Written Culture in a Colonial Context: Africa and the Americas — University of Chicago Press.

Cities of the World: A History in Maps. University of California Press. De Olisipo a Lisboa: Cira Arqueologia II in Portuguese. Archived from the original PDF on 21 June Retrieved 21 June Ecohistoria del paisaje agrario: Los fenicios en Portugal: Retrieved 19 August International Journal of Nautical Archaeology. Archived from the original PDF on 13 October Archived from the original on 11 March The Virtual Jewish History Tour.

Retrieved 8 July Archived from the original on 6 September Retrieved 20 November Religion and Power in Europe: The Reconstruction of Lisbon: The Persecution of the Jews and Muslims of Portugal: Port Cities of Atlantic Iberia, C.

Lisbon Gay and Lesbian Film Festival. Retrieved 6 November Retrieved 30 April Cities and Economic Development: From the Dawn of History to the Present. The First European Description of Japan, Introduction to Global Politics. Archived from the original PDF on 26 March Retrieved 17 November Archived from the original PDF on 16 February Archived from the original PDF on 25 March Archived from the original PDF on 9 November Retrieved 25 November Archived from the original on 15 May Retrieved 10 March Retrieved 30 January Global Public Transit Index by Moovit.

Retrieved 19 June Camilo ouviu o mandado de despejo, brutalmente dirigido ao pintor. E, puxando por cem mil reis em notas entregou-as ao pintor. Chamo-me Camilo Castelo Branco e estou cego. A 1 de Junho desse ano, o Dr. Foi imensamente influenciado por Almeida Garrett. Sonetos sentimentaes e humoristicos eBook O clero e o sr. Alexandre Herculano digitalizado em Google. Hemeroteca Municipal de Lisboa. Consultado em 13 de Maio de Consultado em 15 de Setembro de Consultado em 13 de Abril de Consultado em 11 de abril de Consultado em 5 de maio de A republica das letras:

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